CANNAS

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This large group of complex hybrids of garden origin are much varied in color and plant height.  They are all rhizomatous, herbaceous perennials.  Some are short and stocky, others tall and slender.  Some glaucous gray and leathery, others dark chocolate red and thin.  Flowers range from small with narrow segments to large and ruffled.  Colors range from pale yellow to orange or scarlet.  They all perform well in full sun to light shade and are quite tolerant of dry conditions.  Some can also be grown in standing water.  These are indeed very durable plants.  The very colorful flowers occur off and on all summer long and are borne on spikes of varying heights depending on the cultivar.  The flowers are generally about 4 inches across.  Hardy in zones 7 - 10.

 

aloha - One of the Hawaiian series up to 2 feet tall with dark orange flowers held well above the grayish green foliage having red margins.

ambassador [black knight] - A very showy clone from 4 to 6 feet tall with relatively large, green foliage that is tinted purple.  The large flowers are a velvet red.

ambrosia - This is an exceptionally nice, dwarf canna with very large, pink to orange-pink flowers in showy clusters that are nicely placed on the 2 to 2 foot tall plants.  The foliage is a handsome, green color.

annaei - A very tall grower to 8 feet with very large, lance shaped foliage.  The small, apricot-pink flowers are not excessively attractive.  This is a very old variety supposedly popular in Paris during the 1860's.  It is bred from a different species from most other garden cannas and this is what gives it its unique appearance.  Received an Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society for foliage in the 2002 RHS Canna Trial.  The variegated form of this same plant is listed under stuttgart below.

bankocki [striped beauty] - Although the flowers of this clone lack the gaudiness of most cannas, they are still lively and refreshing.  They are yellow and have white stripes within.  However, it is the lance shaped foliage with its pin stripe variegation of bright yellow that makes this one so sought after.  It usually stays under 2 feet tall and grows best in a mostly sunny location.

bengal tiger:  Please see pretoria below.

black knight:  Please see ambassador above.

brandywine - One of the Longwood Garden series from 2 to 3 feet tall with large, deep red flower and medium green leaves having translucent, burgundy margins.  Very vigorous with many blooms.

chesapeake - One of the Longwood Garden series up to 3 feet tall with medium green foliage and large, very pale cream to near white flowers.  A vigorous grower and an outstanding source of color.

china lady - This one has lush foliage from 2 to 3 feet tall and is ideal for the low bed or border.  It can also be used in tub plantings on the patio.  The spectacular flowers are a Chinese coral pink.

city of portland - This is a beautiful, strong growing, compact, landscape specimen up to 4 feet tall with broad, green foliage and pretty, rosy pink to salmon colored flowers.

cleopatra [spanish emblem] - These vigorous, large, 4 to 5 foot tall plants have attractive, green foliage that is often striped with red-black.  These plants produce many beautiful, massive, orchid like flowers.  This clone is notorious for its incredible diversity within a colony often having yellow and red splashed or speckled flowers along with solid yellow and solid red flowers all on the same plant.

conestoga - One of the Longwood Garden series to 4 feet tall with medium green foliage and large, dark ivory to light lemon yellow flowers.  Many blooms on a vigorous plant.

constitution - One of the Longwood Garden series from 3 to 4 feet tall with large, pale coral flowers and medium green foliage flushed burgundy and having burgundy margins.  Chosen for vigor and a constant supply of flowers.

declaration - One of the Longwood Garden series to 3 feet tall with bright red flowers held above the grayish green foliage having burgundy margins.  A fine grower that produces a quantity of flowers over a long period.

delaware - One of the Longwood Garden series up to 3 feet tall with medium green foliage and large, coral flowers.  Selected for its outstanding vigor and abundant flower production.

eureka - The foliage is a nice green color on this strong, healthy grower.  It is a pretty, low growing, dwarf canna with creamy white flowers having a touch of light yellow.

franklin - One of the Longwood Garden series to 3 feet tall with bright orange flowers and bronze foliage.  Very vigorous with lots of blooms.

freedom - One of the Longwood Garden series to 3 feet tall with bright orange flowers and green foliage.  Many blooms and a vigorous grower.

independence - One of the Longwood Garden series from 2 to 3 feet tall with medium green foliage and large, bright yellow flowers.

lenape - One of the Longwood Garden series from 2 to 3 feet tall with medium green foliage and large, bright yellow flowers having red flecks making them appear oarnge from a distance.  Selected for good vigor and heavy blooming characteristics.

liberty - One of the Longwood Garden series to 2 feet tall with rose pink flowers and green foliage.  A vigorous grower with lots of blooms.

louis cotton - A dwarf canna that grows 2 to 3 feet tall with attractive, bronze foliage and pretty, light yellow-orange blooms.

lucifer - This is a spectacular, 2 to 2 feet tall, dwarf canna with bright crimson red flowers having broad, showy, golden yellow borders or margins on all segments.

miss oklahoma:  Please see pink president.

pele - One of the Hawaiian series up to 2 feet tall with red-coral flowers held above the grayish green foliage having burgundy margins.  A very vigorous grower that produces many flowers.

penn - One of the Longwood Garden series up to 3 feet tall with medium coral flowers and medium green foliage having burgundy margins.  Another vigorous introduction with heavy blooming qualities.

pfitzer's chinese coral - A lovely, dwarf canna up to 2 feet tall with pretty, green leaves and beautiful, pink to coral colored flowers.

pfitzer's crimson beauty - A lovely, dwarf canna about 2 feet tall with handsome, broad, green foliage and showy, bright crimson red flowers.

pfitzer's primrose yellow - A well proportioned, dwarf, 2 to 2 foot tall canna with large clusters of pale canary yellow flowers and attractive, green leaves.

pfitzer's salmon pink - This is a vigorous, very attractive, large flowered, compact canna to 2 feet tall with splendid, bright geranium pink flowers and handsome, green leaves.

picasso - Up to 4 or 5 feet tall with yellow flowers generously splashed with red spots rising above the green foliage.

pink futurity - Up to 2 feet tall with showy, true pink flowers and burgundy foliage.

pink president [miss oklahoma] - Up to 5 feet tall with green foliage and extremely large, vivid pink blossoms.

president - This is a spectacular canna up to 3 feet tall with handsome, large, bright green, glossy foliage and very large, bright scarlet red flowers.  Good for use in water gardens.

pretoria [bengal tiger] - This 5 foot tall hybrid has large, blue-green to light green leaves having an outstanding, pin stripe variegation of yellow and ivory all edged with a narrow outline or red along the margins.  It has large, very showy, brilliant orange flowers and has become very popular for use because of the especially rich contrast between the leaves and the flowers.  It makes a good summer border or the perfect centerpiece for a large container.

red futurity - Up to 3 feet tall with bright scarlet red flowers and attractive, bronze foliage.

red king humbert - The attractive, reddish bronze foliage of this very handsome, tall canna up to 4 feet in height is very nice.  It also has large, showy, orange-scarlet to red flowers.

spanish emblem:  Please see cleopatra.

striped beauty:  Please see bankocki.

stuttgart - A very tall, highly desirable clone to 6 feet with beautifully variegated, lance shaped foliage.  The glaucous greenleaves  have streaks and blotches of cream and white similar to the harder to grow, variegated banana.

tropicana - The handsome leaves show burgundy stripes that turn red, pink, yellow and gold.  The flowers are a brilliant orange.

wyoming - This imposing canna grows up to 4 feet tall with appealing, bronzy leaves that are tinted purple.  The large flowers are colored a bright, clear orange.

yellow king humbert - The large, bright yellow flowers of this clone are spotted with attractive, contrasting, crimson red spots.  It is a large and vigorous, showy, garden canna that grows up to 4 or 5 feet tall with green foliage.