MAGNOLIAS

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Magnolia acuminata (cucumber tree) - this deciduous tree to 90 feet of conical habit is the largest and hardiest American species of Magnolia.  Zones 4 - 9.

Magnolia acuminata variety subcordata (yellow cucumber tree) - a smaller grower of more shrubby habit to 25 feet having lime-green to clear yellow flowers.  Zones 4 - 9.

Magnolia amoena (tianmu magnolia) - a rare, deciduous tree to 36 feet with small, fragrant, pale to mid-pink flowers having 9 tepals.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia 'Ann' - the first to bloom of the “Eight Little Girls” with a dense, multi-stemmed habit and erect, fragrant, 4 inch wide, deep reddish purple flowers having 7 to 9 tepals each.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

Magnolia 'Apollo' - a Felix Jury hybrid with a very heavy crop of large, bowl shaped, rosy red flowers having a rich, fruity fragrance.  (Magnolia campbellii variety mollicomata ‘Lanarth’ x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

Magnolia ashei - a shrubby grower to 30 feet that resembles a diminutive form of the Magnolia macrophylla in all aspects.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia 'Athene' - a floriferous, upright tree from Felix Jury with richly fragrant, large, heavy textured, white, cup and saucer flowers having a violet-pink flush near the base of each.  (Magnolia ‘Mark Jury’ x Magnolia x soulangiana ‘Lennei Alba’).

Magnolia 'Atlas' - a Felix Jury hybrid with huge (14 inches across), attractively fragrant, cup shaped, lilac-pink flowers with 6 inch wide tepals that are white inside.  (Magnolia ‘Mark Jury’ x Magnolia x soulangiana ‘Lennei’).

Magnolia auriculata:  Please see Magnolia fraseri.

Magnolia 'Betty' - one of the "Eight Little Girls", this is a vigorous grower and an early bloomer with very nice, large (8 inch wide), fragrant, deep pink flowers having a white interior and 12 to 15 tepals each.  (Magnolia stellata ‘Rosea’ x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

Magnolia biondii (chinese willow leaf magnolia) - delightful, lemon scented, deciduous shrub or tree to 36 feet with white flowers having a pink flush at their base.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia 'Butterflies' (PP #7456) - a dandy, upright tree hybridized by Phil Savage with finely shaped, 10 to 16 tepaled, strong yellow flowers which appear before the leaves in the spring.  The best precocious yellow.  Zones 4 - 9.  (Magnolia acuminata ‘Fertile Myrtle’ x Magnolia denudata ‘Sawada’s Cream’).

Magnolia campbellii - a robust, deciduous tree to 90 feet having cup and saucer shaped, fragrant, bright pink flowers.  Zones 7 - 9.

Magnolia campbellii x Magnolia denudata:  Please see Magnolia x veitchii.

Magnolia coco - an evergreen shrub to 6 feet with glossy, dark green, coriaceous leaves and delightfully fragrant, nocturnal, creamy white flowers almost all year long.  Zones 9 and 10.

Magnolia cylindrica - a deciduous tree to 27 feet with an abundance of impressive, fragrant, tulip shaped white flowers tinged rose-pink at the base.  Zones 6 - 10.

Magnolia 'Darrell Dean' - a late blooming clone with huge, wide open, 9 to 12 tepaled, wine red to pink flowers up to 12 inches across.  The best Gresham!  Zones 6 - 10.  (Magnolia x soulangiana ‘Rustica Rubra’ x Magnolia x veitchii).

Magnolia 'David Clulow' - a magnificent Gresham hybrid with large, white, cup and saucer shaped flowers having 12 tepals.

Magnolia dawsoniana - a deciduous shrub or tree to 36 feet with dark green leaves that are paler beneath and beautiful, large, fragrant, rose colored flowers having many tepals.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia 'Day Break' - a fine, late flowering, upright grower from August Kehr with simply gorgeous, very fragrant, 8 inch wide, bright rose-pink flowers.  Truly magnificent!  Zones 4 - 9.  (Magnolia x brooklynensis ‘Woodsman’ x Magnolia ‘Tina Durio’).

Magnolia dealbata (mexican cow cumber magnolia) - deciduous tree to 60 feet with large, 2 foot long leaves and huge, 15 inch wide, white flowers.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia delavayi - a bold, evergreen tree to 30 feet with huge, coriaceous, sea green leaves that are grey-green beneath and pretty, ivory white flowers.  Zones 9 and 10.

Magnolia denudata (yulan) - broadly pyramidal, deciduous tree to 45 feet with elegant, ivory to white, goblet shaped, fragrant flowers that appear before the leaves in spring.  Zones 6 - 10.

Magnolia denudata 'Gere' - a truly hardy, splendid, late flowering specimen with pure ivory white flowers found by the late Joe McDaniel in Urbana, Illinois in a cemetery near a tombstone with the name “Gere” on it.

Magnolia denudata x Magnolia campbellii:  Please see Magnolia x veitchii.

Magnolia denudata x Magnolia liliiflora:  Please see Magnolia x soulangiana.

Magnolia 'Elizabeth' - a vigorous, late blooming hybrid produced by Evamaria Sperber for the Brooklyn Botanic Garden with many large, 6 to 9 tepaled, clear primrose yellow flowers that fade to cream as they age.  Zones 4 - 8.  (Magnolia acuminata x Magnolia denudata).

Magnolia fraseri (ear leaf umbrella tree) - an erect, deciduous tree to 45 feet with large leaves and wonderfully fragrant, ivory white flowers.  Zones 4 - 9.

Magnolia fraseri variety pyramidata:  Please see Magnolia pyramidata.

Magnolia x freemanii - a group of magnificent ornamentals of columanar habit that are hardier than Magnolia grandiflora with smaller, strong, glossy green leaves and smaller, virgin white flowers having the sweetbay scent.  Originally crossed by Oliver M. Freeman at the United States National Arboretum and thus bearing his name.  (Magnolia grandiflora x Magnolia virginiana).  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia 'Full Eclipse' - an early blooming, fast growing, Gresham hybrid of upright to columnar habit with showy flowers having 9 erect, long, slender tepals that are red-purple outside and whitish inside.

Magnolia 'Galaxy' - an upright, pyramidal to columnar tree developed by William Kosar at the United States National Arboretum with large, well formed, slightly fragrant, 12 tepaled, red-purple flowers that are up to 10 inches across.  Zones 4 - 9.  (Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’ x Magnolia sprengeri ‘Diva’).

Magnolia 'George Henry Kern' - a multi-stemmed shrub like the "Eight Little Girls" from Carl E. Kern with blooms having 8 to 10 strap shaped segments that are rich red-rose on the outside and lighter rose-red on the inside.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata x Magnolia liliiflora).

Magnolia globosa - a deciduous shrub or small tree to 21 feet with glossy, dark green leaves and very handsome, nodding, creamy white flowers.  Zones 9 and 10.

Magnolia grandiflora (bull bay) - the legendary, evergreen magnolia of folklore to 90 feet with large, glossy, dark green foliage having indumentum beneath and huge, intoxicatingly fragrant, creamy white flowers.  Zones 6 - 9.

Magnolia grandiflora 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' - a hardy (to -20° Fahrenheit) form with a compact, dense, pyramidal habit and dark rust colored indumentum on its 5 inch long leaves.  This prolific producer of ½ size flowers was discovered by Ray Bracken in a group of seedlings growing at his nursery.

Magnolia grandiflora ‘D. D. Blanchard’:  Please see ‘Blanchard’.

Magnolia grandiflora 'Harold Poole' - a very unique, dwarf, bushy, cultivar with long, dark green, strap like leaves that are only 1½ inches wide but up to 1 foot long and medium size blooms.  Truly outstanding!

Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem' - a vigorous, compact, narrow, columnar grower with small leaves having rusty indumentum beneath and a profusion of small, cup shaped flowers.  Selected by Warren Steed in North Carolina.

Magnolia grandiflora x Magnolia virginiana:  Please see Magnolia x freemanii.

Magnolia heptapeta:  Please see Magnolia denudata.

Magnolia hypoleuca - a deciduous, pyramidal tree to 90 feet with large, green leaves and heavily scented, 8 inch wide, cup shaped, ivory flowers flushed yellow-pink followed by showy, red seed cones.  Zones 6 - 10.

Magnolia hypoleuca x Magnolia sieboldii:  Please see Magnolia x wiesneri.

Magnolia 'Jane' - this very prolific, strong and vigorous, William Kosar hybrid from the United States National Arboretum is the latest of the "Eight Little Girls" to bloom with cup shaped, 3 to 4 inch wide, fragrant flowers having 8 to 10 tepals that are reddish purple on the outside and white inside.  Zones 4 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata ‘Waterlily’ x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Reflorescens’).

Magnolia 'Jon Jon' - a late flowering Gresham hybrid with a profusion of essentially white, 12 inch wide flowers having a slight, rose, basal coloration.

Magnolia 'Judy' - one of the "Eight Little Girls" from the late Francis de Vos of the United States National Arboretum that is very pretty, erect, compact and slow growing with 2 to 3 inch wide flowers having 10 deep red-purple tepals which are white on the interior.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

Magnolia x kewensis - a small, broadly spreading tree with fragrant, pure white, 6 inch flowers produced in great abundance before the leaves appear in the spring.  (Magnolia kobus x Magnolia salicifolia).  Zones 4 - 9.

Magnolia kobus - a deciduous shrub or tree to 120 feet that abundantly produces 4 inch wide, fragrant, white flowers before the leaves appear in the spring.  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia kobus ‘Borealis’:  Please see Magnolia kobus variety borealis.

Magnolia kobus variety borealis - a very hardy, vigorous, single trunked variety up to 80 feet tall with larger leaves and flowers than typical.  Originally found on Hokkaido Island in Japan.

Magnolia kobus variety loebneri:  Please see Magnolia x loebneri.

Magnolia kobus variety stellata:  Please see Magnolia stellata.

Magnolia kobus x Magnolia salicifolia:  Please see Magnolia x kewensis.

Magnolia kobus x Magnolia stellata:  Please see Magnolia x loebneri.

Magnolia liliiflora (woody orchid) - a deciduous shrub to 12 feet with many beautiful, erect, tulip shaped, dark purple blooms over a long bloom season.  Zones 6 - 9.

Magnolia liliiflora x Magnolia denudata:  Please see Magnolia x soulangiana.

Magnolia x loebneri - a deciduous shrub or small tree that produces an unbelievable number of multi-tepaled blooms during the early spring.  (Magnolia kobus x Magnolia stellata).  Zone 5 - 9.

Magnolia x loebneri ‘Doctor Merrill’:  Please see ‘Merrill’.

Magnolia x loebneri 'Leonard Messel' - a hardy, extremely popular clone with many attractive, flowers having 12, 3 inch long tepals that are pink-purple on the outside and white on the inside.  The original tree was found in the garden of Mrs. L. C. R. Messel.  (Magnolia kobus x Magnolia stellata ‘Rosea’).

Magnolia x loebneri 'Merrill' - a vigorous, very easy to grow, disease resistant clone to 30 feet with large, fragrant, semi-double, 15 tepaled, white flowers that are flushed pink at the base.  This plant was selected by the late Karl Sax of the Arnold Arboretum out of a group of seedlings raised by one of his students.

Magnolia macrophylla (big leaf magnolia) - a large, deciduous shrub or tree to 60 feet with 18 inch wide, fragrant, ivory-cream flowers and huge leaves that are downy white beneath.  Zones 5 - 10.

Magnolia macrophylla subspecies ashei:  Please see Magnolia ashei.

Magnolia nitida - an evergreen shrub or tree to 25 feet with leathery, glossy , dark green foliage and fragrant, creamy white to yellow flowers from 2 to 3 inches across in the late spring and early summer.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia officinalis (asian umbrella magnolia) - a deciduous tree to 60 feet with large, light green leaves that are downy beneath and highly scented, 7 inch wide, cup shaped, creamy white blooms having red stamens.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia officinalis variety biloba - this variety has 15 inch long, obovate leaves with deeply emarginate or bilobed apexes.

Magnolia 'Phelan Bright' - an upright, spreading, late flowering tree with enormous (up to 14 inches), fragrant, pristine white, cup and saucer shaped blossoms having 12 tepals.  Our best to date!  Zones 7 - 9.  (Magnolia campbellii x ?).       

Magnolia 'Pinkie' - of spreading habit, this hybrid from William Kosar is the latest of the "Eight Little Girls" to bloom and has 5 to 7 inch wide, cup shaped flowers with 12 broad tepals that are pinkish purple on the outside and white inside.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata ‘Rosea’ x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Reflorescens’).

Magnolia x proctoriana - a showy, small, deciduous, pyramidal tree to 24 feet with 3 to 4 inch wide, fragrant, white flowers that are produced before the leaves emerge in the spring.  (Magnolia salicifolia x Magnolia stellata).

Magnolia pyramidata - resembles Magnolia fraseri but is smaller in all respects.  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia quinquepeta:  Please see Magnolia liliflora.

Magnolia 'Randy' - one of the "Eight Little Girls", this Francis de Vos hybrid is an erect, almost columnar, slow growing plant with 3 to 5 inch wide, cup shaped flowers having 9 to 11 tepals that are rose-purple on the outside and white on the inside.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

Magnolia 'Ricki' - one of the "Eight Little Girls", this vigorous, Francis de Vos hybrid is erect to columnar in habit and produces unbelievable numbers of pretty, 4 to 6 inch wide, erect flowers having 10 to 15 tepals that are reddish purple to purple outside and white to pale purple inside.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

Magnolia 'Royal Crown' - one of Gresham’s Svelte Brunettes, this small tree produces 5½ inch tall buds that become outstanding, large, upright flowers having 12 tepals that are dark red-violet on the outside and  white inside.  This clone blooms over a long period and often blooms repeatedly during the summer months.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia liliiflora x Magnolia x veitchii).

Magnolia salicifolia (anise magnolia) - a deciduous shrub or tree to 36 feet with lemon or anise scented foliage and fragrant, white flowers that are tinted pink at the base.  Zones 4 - 9.

Magnolia salicifolia x Magnolia kobus:  Please see Magnolia x kewensis.

Magnolia salicifolia x Magnolia stellata:  Please see Magnolia x proctoriana.

Magnolia salicifolia x Magnolia x soulangiana:  Please see Magnolia x slavinii.

Magnolia sargentiana (sargent’s magnolia) - a deciduous tree to 75 feet with glossy, deep green leaves that are grey beneath and magnificent, 8 inch wide, fragrant blooms that are white to pale pink inside and purple-pink on the exterior.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia sargentiana variety robusta (robust magnolia) - a large, deciduous tree of bushy habit with glossy, green foliage and huge, fragrant, pink-purple flowers.  The leaves, flowers and fruit are larger on this variety than are those of the type variety.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia schiedeana - an evergreen tree from Mexico up to 100 feet tall with coriaceous, matte green leaves and creamy white, 6 inch wide flowers having 9 to 12 tepals.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia sieboldii - a deciduous shrub or tree to 30 feet with deep green leaves that are glaucescent beneath and beautiful, 4 inch wide, horizontally held, fragrant, white flowers with crimson stamens.  Zones 4 - 8.

Magnolia sieboldii subspecies sinensis (chinese magnolia) - deciduous shrub or tree with lemon scented, nodding, cup shaped, white flowers having rosy pink stamens.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia sieboldii x Magnolia hypoleuca:  Please see Magnolia x wiesneri.

Magnolia x soulangiana (saucer magnolia) - a deciduous shrub or tree to 30 feet having flowers which range from pure white to violet-purple.  This is the most widely cultivated group of magnolias and is the result of crossing Magnolia denudata with Magnolia liliiflora.  All bloom before the leaves emerge in the spring.  Zones 5 - 9.  The original cross was made by Etienne Soulange-Bodin.

Magnolia x soulangiana 'Picture' - a vigorous grower from K. Wada with superb, large (up to 14 inches across) blooms that are dark red-purple on the outside and white on the inside.

Magnolia sprengeri - a deciduous tree to 60 feet with attractive and intensely fragrant, 8 inch wide, white flowers that are tinged rose to pink.  These flowers are produced before the leaves in the spring.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia sprengeri 'Diva' (pink goddess magnolia) - a prolific blooming tree up to 36 feet tall with erect, 8 inch wide, perfumy fragranced flowers having 12 tepals which are rosy pink outside and pale pink inside.  The original tree at Caerhays was raised from seed introduced by E. H. Wilson from China.

Magnolia sprengeri variety elongata - this small, bushy tree or large shrub has large, fragrant flowers with 12 tepals that are pristine white faintly stained rose and leaves which are at least twice as long as they are wide.  Zones 8 - 10.

Magnolia 'Star Wars' - a vigorous grower from Oswald Blumhardt with a strong, central leader and many spectacular, large, spreading, bright purple-pink flowers having 12 tepals.  (Magnolia campbellii x Magnolia liliiflora).

Magnolia stellata (star magnolia) - deciduous, compact, flowering shrubs to 20 feet with snow white, star shaped flowers that are faintly blushed pink at the base.  Zones 4 - 8.

Magnolia stellata 'Centennial' - A hardy, vigorous clone from the Arnold Arboretum that produces a profusion of large, 30 tepaled flowers up to 5¼ inches across that are white with a pink basal tinge.  (Magnolia stellata 'Rosea' x ?).

Magnolia stellata 'Pink Stardust' - this clone from Tom Dodd has attractive, light pink blooms with 40 to 50 tepals that resemble mums when in bud form.

Magnolia stellata 'Royal Star' - a robust, fast growing, late blooming clone whose opening buds have a hint of pink but open to large, beautiful, pure white flowers up to 6 inches across.  These flowers have from 25 to 30 tepals.  (Magnolia stellata ‘Waterlily’ x ?).

Magnolia stellata x Magnolia kobus:  Please see Magnolia x loebneri.

Magnolia stellata x Magnolia salicifolia:  Please see Magnolia x proctoriana.

Magnolia 'Susan' - one of the "Eight Little Girls" from William F. Kosar of compact habit with slender and erect, fragrant, 6 inch tall, red-purple flowers having 6 tepals of the same color both inside and outside.  Very popular!  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia stellata ‘Rosea’ x Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’).

ÄMagnolia tamaulipana - a fastigiate, evergreen tree with new foliage emerging bronze turning medium green with age and creamy white flowers of exceptional fragrance.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia x thompsoniana - a semi-deciduous, large shrub with leaves that are glossy above and glaucous beneath plus fragrant, vase shaped, creamy white flowers having 12 tepals.  Very pretty.  (Magnolia virginiana x Magnolia tripetala).  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia 'Tina Durio' - one of Gresham’s Buxom Nordic Blondes, this magnificent tree produces a profusion of 10 to 12 inch wide, fragrant, heavily textured flowers having 9 to 12 white tepals with a slight pink tinge at their base.  A vigorous, fast growing clone.  Zones 6 - 10.  (Magnolia x soulangiana ‘Lennei Alba’ x Magnolia x veitchii).

Magnolia tripetala (umbrella tree) - a deciduous tree to 36 feet with huge leaves and large, erect, vase shaped, creamy white, muskily scented flowers.  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia x veitchii - a deciduous tree to 120 feet with dark green leaves that are tinted purple while young and very large, white flowers (having a pink tinge at the base) produced in abundance before the leaves emerge in the spring.  (Magnolia denudata x Magnolia campbellii).  Zones 7 - 9.

magnolia vine:  Please see Schisandra.

Magnolia virginiana variety australis (evergreen sweet bay) - evergreen tree to 60 feet with shiny leaves and highly fragrant, white to ivory flowers.  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia virginiana variety virginiana (deciduous sweet bay) - a semi-deciduous tree or shrub to 90 feet with shiny leaves & fragrant, ivory to white blooms.  Zones 5 - 9.

Magnolia 'Wada's Memory':  Please see Magnolia x kewensis 'Wada's Memory'.

Magnolia x watsonii:  Please see Magnolia x wiesneri.

Magnolia x wiesneri - a deciduous tree or shrub to 21 feet with leaves being glaucous beneath and very fragrant, erect, 6 inch wide, creamy white flowers having rosy crimson stamens.  (Magnolia hypoleuca x Magnolia sieboldii).  Zones 6 - 10.  

Magnolia wilsonii - a spectacular, deciduous shrub or tree to 24 feet with fragrant, 4 inch wide, pure white, nodding, saucer shaped flowers having crimson stamens and matte green leaves that are velvety beneath.  Zones 7 - 10.

Magnolia 'Yellow Bird' - a late blooming, pyramidal grower with dark green leaves and large, tulip shaped, deep yellow flowers having a greenish, basal tinge.  This hybrid was produced at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Research Center by Doris Stone.  Zones 5 - 9.  (Magnolia acuminata variety subcordata x Magnolia x brooklynensis ‘Evamaria’).

Magnolia zenii (baohua yulan) - a spreading, deciduous tree from China to 21 feet with fragrant, 5 inch wide, white flowers having a purple, basal flush that appear before the leaves in the spring.  Zones 8 - 10.