This is the widely cultivated pomegranate. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree to 20 feet. The narrow leaves are a bronze color when young and eventually mature a glossy, bright green. It has been cultivated for its juicy, edible, red-purple fruit pulp since ancient times. These fruit are up to 5 inches in diameter and are borne in summer and autumn. The plant is also grown as an ornamental for its attractive, orange-red, crinkled flowers. They need full sun for optimum performance although they may be grown in some shade. They are quite tolerant of heat and will survive well in alkaline soils that would kill most plants. It is a native of southeastern Europe and southern Asia that is hardy in zones 7-10.
apseronski - A normal seeded, sweet-tart variety.
CALIFORNIA SUNSET - A dense growing, ornamental cultivar to 8 feet with double coral-red flowers having a yellowish-white border on each petal. Blooms over a long period. Also sold as MADAME LEGRELLE.
CHICO (dwarf carnation flowered pomegranate) - This clone makes a compact bush with many double, orange-red flowers over a long season. It bears no fruit but is an excellent ornamental for use under windows, in containers or as an edging.
CLOUD - Developed at the University of California - Davis, this pomegranate bears medium to large sized fruit that are golden yellow to green with a pale pink to red blush. The large arils are a glistening, very pale, whitish salmon pink and have a mild, sweet taste. The juice is clear to white and also sweet. Named by Dr. John Lovell.
CRANBERRY - Developed at the University of California - Davis, this one bears a heavy crop of large, cranberry red fruit. These fruit yield a light red, rich sour juice. Suitable for use in cooking and in the making of jellies.
DWARF: Please see NANA below.
ELF - Developed at the University of California - Davis, this small to medium sized plant bears small to medium size, greenish yellow fruit having an orange blush. Inside there are large, translucent, sweet-tart arils yielding a rich light pink juice having a very good taste. This one is a great choice for small spaces or container culture. Very good for use in cooking. Named by Dr. John Lovell.
EVE - Selected and named by Dr. John Lovell, this excellent clone produces large quantities of large, red fruit. The arils are deep red with hard seed and yield red juice of good sweet-acid balance.
EVERSWEET - Developed from a home grown cultivar in Lebanon, this cultivar has large, showy, orange-red flowers on an arching shrub up to 10 feet tall. These are followed by large fruit having a red skin and very sweet, virtually seedless, light pink-red flesh. The juice is clear and non-staining. Requires 150 chilling hours and ripens late summer through fall. At one time, also called 'Armchat'.
FLAVESCENS (yellow pomegranate) - This ornamental clone has single, yellow flowers over a long period.
garnet sash: Please see ELF.
GRANADA - Supposedly a bud sport of 'Wonderful', this very early ripening variety produces showy, medium sized fruit with dark burgundy-red skin. The arils and juice are dark red and delicious being sweet with only a very slight tart taste. It usually produces its heavy crop in mid-summer.
kaim-anor - This variety from Azerbaidzhan produces medium pink-green fruit with a bright red blush containing red arils and dark red, sweet juice. The arils pop out with unusual ease and have a sweet to slightly sweet-tart taste. The seed are hard. Ripens in fall.
kashmir blend - This cultivar has a slightly spreading habit producing medium size fruit with a yellow-green base blushed red. The large, ruby red arils have intense flavor but no overbearing acidic taste. This plant is somewhat dwarf but still heavy bearing. It is a good choice for use in cooking as it imparts an excellent flavor. Requires 150 - 200 chilling hours.
MADAME LEGRELLE: Please see CALIFORNIA SUNSET.
MAE - Developed at the University of California - Davis, this heavy bearing clone was rated tops in taste. It bears medium to large, bright red fruit having a sweet, tangy, red flesh and yielding a sweet-sour, rich red juice.
NANA (dwarf pomegranate) - Grown in gardens since the early 1800's, this compact, dwarf shrub matures at about 6 feet and makes a fine, low hedge or an excellent pot plant. It produces its single, vivid red-orange flowers even when very small. These are followed by 2 inch, ornamental, orange-red fruit. This cultivar is almost evergreen in mild climates and makes an excellent subject for bonsai or flowering hedge.
NOCHI SHIBARI - A densely branched cultivar to 8 feet with arching branches that produces showy, dark red, carnation like, double flowers all summer long. This Japanese clone makes a great specimen plant or shrub border. More cold hardy than most.
parfianka - This attractive clone is naturally dwarf in habit and sets profuse amounts of fruit even when quite young. These fruit are medium sized with yellow skin that is blushed bright red. It has large, pink to red arils with soft seeds and a very flavorful, sweet-tart taste. It is rated as one of the best in many taste tests with a an excellent, somewhat wine like taste and it yields a high quality juice. Requires 150 - 200 chilling hours and ripens in early to mid fall.
red silk - Developed at the University of California - Davis, this naturally semi-dwarf clone has a slightly spreading habit and sets large crops of medium to large fruit with a brilliant red skin. The large, edible arils have a sweet berry flavor combining a great acidic and sweet taste in perfect balance. Requires 150 - 200 chilling hours.
r7: Please see kaim-anor.
r29: Please see apseronski.
sharp velvet - An upright growing clone that sets huge crops of large, highly ornamental fruit having a dark red exterior. The arils are the color of crushed red velvet and have a very appealing, unique mildly acidic and refreshing flavor. Requires 150 - 200 chilling hours.
SWEET - This very ornamental, small growing cultivar has showy, orange-red blossoms followed by large, white fruit with a pink blush having pink arils having a very good, sweet taste. These plants are ideally suited for espalier or container growing. It is early bearing and also very productive. Requires 100 chilling hours and usually bears in late summer.
WONDERFUL - This is the most popular cultivar for commercial production and also makes a great ornamental. The plant gets about 10 feet tall and has a fountain like shape when allowed to grow naturally. It has large, showy, double, orange-red flowers to 3 inches and very large (up to 5 inches wide), glossy, dark red to purple-red fruit. These fruit have red arils with a sweet-tart flavor and small, medium soft seeds. These are very juicy with the juice being dark red and staining. Requires 150 chilling hours and bears in late summer to early fall. Discovered around 1896 in Porterville, California in a group of cuttings from Florida. Selected and named by Mr. Bearss.